The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an autonomous agency established in 1974. The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among 28 advanced economies, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days of its net imports. The aims of the IEA are to:
To attain these goals, increased co-operation between industries, businesses and government energy technology research is indispensable. The public and private sectors must work together, share burdens and resources, while at the same time multiplying results and outcomes.
The energy technology initiatives (Implementing Agreements) function within a framework created by the IEA. The IA mechanism is a flexible and effective means for IEA member and non-member countries, businesses, industries, international organisations and non-government organisations to research breakthrough technologies, to fill existing research gaps, to build pilot plants, to carry out deployment or demonstration programmes – in short to encourage technology-related activities that support energy security, economic growth and environmental protection. There are currently some 40 Implementing Agreements (IA) working in the areas of:
The IAs are at the core of a network of senior experts consisting of the Committee on Energy Research and Technology (CERT), four working parties and three expert groups – the IEA Energy Technology Network. More than 6,000 specialists from 310 organisations carry out a vast body of research through these various initiatives (more than 1,600 projects to date). The CERT is supported by four expert Working Parties (end-use, fossil fuels, fusion and renewables) which oversee the activities of the IAs and evaluate their outcomes at the end of each term. The Working Parties provide leadership by guiding the IAs to shape work programmes that address current energy issues productively, by regularly reviewing their accomplishments, and suggesting reinforced efforts where needed.
The Implementing Agreement for Co-operation on Spherical Tori (ST IA) reports to the Fusion Power Co-ordinating Committee (FPCC). Views, findings and publications of ST IA do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of all its individual member countries.
For further information on the IEA, the CERT, Working Parties and the IAs, please consult www.iea.org/techinitiatives